Is 100% Renewable Possible By 2050? – Interconnectors

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Writer/Narrator: Brian McManus
Editor: Dylan Hennessy
Animator: Mike Ridolfi (https://www.moboxgraphics.com/)
Sound: Graham Haerther (https://haerther.net/)
Thumbnail: Simon Buckmaster https://twitter.com/forgottentowel

References:

[1] https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/headlines/society/20200109STO69927/europe-s-one-trillion-climate-finance-plan
[2] https://web.stanford.edu/group/efmh/jacobson/Articles/I/CombiningRenew/100PercentPaperAbstracts.pdf
[3]

[4] https://www.publicpower.org/periodical/article/calif-sets-record-solar-renewable-curtailments
[5] https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=97&t=3
[6] Page 6. https://www.next10.org/publications/regional-grid
[7] https://www.next10.org/publications/regional-grid
[8] https://www.entsoe.eu/data/map/
[9] https://www.electricitymap.org/?page=country&solar=false&remote=true&wind=false&countryCode=FR
[10] https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/publications/energy/chapter2.pdf
[11] https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/interconnectors
[12] https://www.rte.ie/news/business/2019/1002/1080716-celtic-interconnector-to-get-530m-in-funding-from-eu/
[13] https://www.electricitymap.org/?page=country&solar=false&remote=true&wind=false&countryCode=FR
[14] https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/infrastructure/electricity-interconnection-targets
[15] https://www.ree.es/en/activities/unique-projects/new-interconnection-with-france
[16] https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/communication_on_infrastructure_17.pdf

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50 Comments

  1. model painter on September 8, 2020 at 3:28 pm

    AT 2:08, you show a molten salt solar power plant, yet you failed to make any mention of this technology in your video. However you mentioned nuclear twice. Why? Molten salt solar power is not new. It has been around for at least ten years and has zero emissions except hydrogen. Think about it…

  2. THE Adam on September 8, 2020 at 3:32 pm

    5:56 farms

  3. EngineerSean YouTube on September 8, 2020 at 3:32 pm

    This is funny to watch in a time (during the summer no less) where California is suffering from rolling blackouts due to insufficient power supplies. Adding interconnections could help some, but the costs and losses would be higher than adding several grid scale (10 Gwh or more) molten salt energy storage or a few gen 3 or gen 4 nuclear power plants.

  4. Jesper Løvendahl on September 8, 2020 at 3:33 pm

    Solar and wind cant work 24-7. I hope 4 g reactors will come soon.
    Look at: 100% solar and wind a peace off cake and Humans planet.
    Renewables can only generate 1,5% off the global energy demand. The energydemand are going 2- 3 % up each year! We need much more (4G Th wasteburner) nuklear!

  5. Mister_A on September 8, 2020 at 3:33 pm

    I’m kinda disappointed that nuclear energy isn’t part of this European green new deal, especially considering the fact that the science is shifting from Light Water Reactors to the realm of the Breeder Reactor, we have the scientific foundations and practical evidence that such nuclear model would be a solid alternative to fossil fuels.

  6. Goku on September 8, 2020 at 3:33 pm

    You made some false statements here 1:45 – : "wasted energy is wasted money". That’s completely false when it comes to solar. True it’s better if we have a battery to store the excess energy but having excess energy is not wasting anyone’s money. It doesn’t cost anyone money if solar power produces more power than we need and the sun shines tons of energy on us everyday that isn’t "used by electrical grids" but it isn’t wasted – it goes to the earth. Your mindset is wrong on this entire thing. You also came out with another video on nuclear power and claim you think nuclear is necessary which is false on every level. The idea that you need nuclear for economics is wrong. Economies have been running on earth for thousands of years without nuclear power – nuclear is NOT a necessity for anyone or anything.

  7. NACAM42 on September 8, 2020 at 3:34 pm

    Great, let’s spend a shitload of money on transmission lines that will be underutilized it will reduce the cost of renewable energy from extremely high to very high. Why do this? Because nuclear is scary!

  8. Peter Jackson on September 8, 2020 at 3:36 pm

    Nordstream2!

  9. Henry Henchion on September 8, 2020 at 3:36 pm

    The fact that u hav an Irish accent really helps me understand the concept bc if I’m listening to an Aussie I can’t focus on their accent

  10. Bram Lokhorst on September 8, 2020 at 3:37 pm

    It’s possible by 2030 and it’s called nuclear power

  11. Stephen Dickens on September 8, 2020 at 3:40 pm

    But are they really looking for something simple and very real. http://watermotor.ddns.net/

  12. Virgile Dobrowolski on September 8, 2020 at 3:41 pm

    Human stupidity has no limit. Where they will find electricity when the winter’s night there will be no wind?

  13. Basadict on September 8, 2020 at 3:42 pm

    1:51 that “but” though…

  14. Acme Fixer on September 8, 2020 at 3:42 pm

    He said, "…this waste could have been avoided without the need for expensive energy storage."

    He means this can be accomplished by connecting to a larger grid. But California is already connected to other western states. These usually export power to California, and usually don’t import power _from_ California. If you look at many western states, they generate more power than they use — they have low populations compared to their power producing resources. So no matter how many interconnections there might be, they will not need the excess solar power that California might produce. This is being resolved by the battery storage that is being built in California. And there are plans to build hydrogen generating plants for green hydrogen to be used for transportation. When these are built, they will be able to use all the excess electricity and will be able to use huge amounts of renewable power. There will be no curtailment of excess solar power.

    Go to caiso.com to see how much renewables California makes and consumes. Tomorrow, Sep 5, 2020 is supposed to be an extreme heat day. The caiso.com website gets overloaded when that happens. The load approaches 50 GW.

  15. Richard Hare on September 8, 2020 at 3:43 pm

    What about transmission loss in this interconnectivity? And isn’t France completely Nuclear? Why would they be buying energy?

  16. Jonas Ark on September 8, 2020 at 3:44 pm

    https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhouse-gas-emissions
    It is clear that cars r emitting far less then electricity consumption.
    So let me get this straight we stop cars emitting co2 but we move to electricity? Still emitting co2 no?
    Perhaps more.
    how much electricity is used to power a car?
    How much is that energy emitting?
    Boycott electric movement its a farce.
    Its like green energy. Costs loads to produce a little energy y not invest in nuclear reactors? Squeaky clean uk with no death penalty for 50 years plus has 15 nuclear reactors.
    Boycott the electric movement

  17. Snip Snip on September 8, 2020 at 3:45 pm

    100% renewable is just stupid. Going nuclear is the cleanest and most efficient. Clean energy has become less about the environment and more of a promise from politicians for votes.

  18. Mark Thomasson on September 8, 2020 at 3:45 pm

    Iceland and Greenland joined?

  19. Niclas Hjelm on September 8, 2020 at 3:47 pm

    NordStream 2 Does anybody know if anything is happening regarding the NordStream 2? Have they start building again or do anybody know if they soon are going to start building the last part of the pipeline?

  20. Olwydd on September 8, 2020 at 3:48 pm

    Germany’s people and politicians have gone full retard with closing all of their nuclear plants when dangers like those in the Japan or other geographically unstable places don’t exist. They’re also trying to make it harder to start using renewable energy by making retarded rules like not allowing wind power to be built within a km from housing making it impossible for most farmers to build wind power on their farm land. They recently opened a new coal power plant too so that’s a wonder. Oh and then there are those gas pipelines from Russia.

    Maybe first build all the needed infrastructure for making, storing and using renewable energy instead of just shutting all of your country’s power plants down and then start planning where to get energy.

  21. Mitsuki Hashiba on September 8, 2020 at 3:49 pm

    Europe needs to growth all EU States together under one flag we can be on the top

  22. Pure Gero on September 8, 2020 at 3:49 pm

    Sun Cable is laying a 4500km transmission line between Singapore and the middle of Australia, it’s amazing how far electricity can travel these days. I wonder if we’ll one day see a global interconnector grid network

  23. DSAK55 on September 8, 2020 at 3:49 pm

    Technologically yes, politically no.

  24. Zigg Zogg on September 8, 2020 at 3:50 pm

    Solar curtailment in an air conditioning peak state is ridiculous

  25. PifflePrattle on September 8, 2020 at 3:50 pm

    Meanwhile the UK will go down it’s own nationalistic route. Once it’s split Scotland should be okay with wave and wind. But poor old England will at best be a quaint little theme park destination for EU residents to visit and drop a few euros into the peasant economy before returning home to the 21st century.

  26. telnx on September 8, 2020 at 3:51 pm

    The Uk only 5-10 years away from 100% renewable power, August this year the UK went 2 months with out burning any coal fuels for energy and plan on closing all coal power plants by 2024, a big step in the right direction.

  27. THE Adam on September 8, 2020 at 3:51 pm

    Why is nuclear always left out, if we wish to reduce carbon emissions there is no better choice than nuclear.

  28. Donald Trumpet on September 8, 2020 at 3:54 pm

    I approve of this.

  29. Douglas Billington on September 8, 2020 at 3:55 pm

    lots of anti-wind and solar power people out there. and in these comments. diverse solutions for diverse problems. cant burn everything that burns to make electricity forever, people.

  30. The Hollistic Bartender on September 8, 2020 at 3:57 pm

    1 Trillion XD Am I glad we’re not in the EU anymore,
    EDIT 6:20 wait what? so it will cost 1 Trillion and it will save (max) 40Billion /year for the next 10 years. (Though I’m not sure why it will save money only till 2030 and not indefinitely)
    Sooo, 40 Bill * 10 = 0.4 Trillion…
    1 Trillion – 0.4 Trillion = -0.6Trillion
    Am I wrong with the math here, or by 2030 you are still going to be 600 Billion short?

  31. Economics in Action on September 8, 2020 at 3:59 pm

    I sure hope it’s possible

  32. rakatix daniel on September 8, 2020 at 3:59 pm

    Bro.
    How to stored lot of energy?

  33. Halvard on September 8, 2020 at 3:59 pm

    What it this garbage? Ireland’s wind power is destroying wildlife in the sea and on land. Wherever wind power is built it is a massive destructive force on nature and for human’s health. Look it up. The Norwegian coast is being destroyed at the moment because of lies of wind powers «green energy.

  34. The Salty Guy on September 8, 2020 at 4:01 pm

    europe is so far ahead of asia or the united states 😮

  35. odizzido on September 8, 2020 at 4:03 pm

    6:20 Cooperation? Eww, north america hates cooperation. One for me and all for me is our motto.

  36. Tetsu de Rothchild on September 8, 2020 at 4:06 pm

    https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhouse-gas-emissions
    It is clear that cars r emitting far less then electricity consumption.
    So let me get this straight we stop cars emitting co2 but we move to electricity? Still emitting co2 no?
    Perhaps more.
    how much electricity is used to power a car?
    How much is that energy emitting?
    Boycott electric movement its a farce.
    Its like green energy. Costs loads to produce a little energy y not invest in nuclear reactors? Squeaky clean uk with no death penalty for 50 years plus has 15 nuclear reactors.
    Boycott the electric movement

  37. J Prades on September 8, 2020 at 4:06 pm

    Why can’t just CA exchange their excess electricity with neighboring states for water?

  38. pierreM75 on September 8, 2020 at 4:06 pm

    Califormia produces 25% of solar+wind, and it has rolling blackouts due to the unreliability of those energies. Your "smart grids" already exist and do not solve this problem.
    It is utterly impossible to make unreliable energy sources match the consumption, that’s just logics.
    In Europe, when the wind blows too much, the electricity prices often go in the negatives, that’s not a lot of benefits for exportation.

    The european investment on renewables (which are not renewable in fact) is just a huge money burning party.

  39. Gary Martin on September 8, 2020 at 4:06 pm

    One thing excess power can be used for is to extract CO2 from the atmosphere in large quantities. The chemistry exists to do this and is fairly simple. All it needs is massive amounts of cheap energy. The product can be used to make plastics.

  40. Niclas Hjelm on September 8, 2020 at 4:09 pm

    Two questions to Eric Duddles:
    1) What is the massive regional grid, the Western Interconnection?
    2) If California already is a member of the Western Interconnection grid, what would be the benefits and disadvantages of also joining the Regional Transmission Organization?

  41. Happy Fox on September 8, 2020 at 4:12 pm

    having interconnectors can also save states from complete powerloss because of overloads, if the load is too high then the switch will trip and will try to reset, but you can’t instantly ramp up however you can instantly buy more from other members of the interconnected, saving the member states millions each time there’s a blackout or when the need to schedule rolling blackouts because reliability is what people pay for with the grid and most accept the higher costs for the reliability but when you make it cheaper for the transmission, you yourself not only get to line your pockets more but you get to pass on the savings to your customers so that they can stay in your member state… in California you can move to another state, in Europe you can move to another country in European Union… mo money is mo money.

  42. PhythrowSwaage on September 8, 2020 at 4:12 pm

    Yes

  43. John B on September 8, 2020 at 4:12 pm

    This video should be titled “How to destroy your energy grid and triple energy costs by 2050”

  44. Bosun Higgs on September 8, 2020 at 4:13 pm

    Will the interconnectivity include breakers and other safeties for solar events and the like?

  45. Steve Birnie on September 8, 2020 at 4:17 pm

    Ambitious yes. Seeing as there will be no europe.

  46. Unknown user on September 8, 2020 at 4:18 pm

    This report was in 0001 a.c.

  47. Martin Povh on September 8, 2020 at 4:22 pm

    Transmission losses are the same if Spain sells directly to Denmark or if Spain sells to France, France to Germany and Germany to Denmark

  48. Ian Krasnow on September 8, 2020 at 4:23 pm

    How does the population distribution of the US impact the possibility of exporting all the excess power? Long distance transmission has inherent losses due to resistance and corona discharge. California’s only close neighbors with high population centers are Arizona, parts of Nevada (both already is a huge solar producers), and Oregon. Long distance transmission to population centers like Seattle, Boise, and even Salt Lake City might be possible. But anything further than that probably wouldn’t be economical. Unfortunately, the western US has a pretty low population density away from the coast.

    Anything east of Texas has a more uniform, higher population density which would be ideal for grid interconnections like this. But they’re too far from California to import their power via transmission lines without massive and uneconomical losses. Europe’s advantage is clear in this: everything is relatively close together. Rome and Copenhagen for instance are only 1900km apart. Denver is is 1600 km east of Los Angeles, and both are considered to be in the "west" of the US.

  49. MAtogable on September 8, 2020 at 4:25 pm

    until you see economical energy storage, 100% renewable due to it’s intermittence is not possible. You need other technologies to keep the grid stable at 60hz at all times.

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