How Scientists Achieved 39.7% Efficiency [2020]

How Scientists Achieved 39.7% Efficiency [2020]

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A new solar cell technology has broken the old 22% efficiency record, all of that with a 6-junction solar cell design, something that was thought unachievable for the past decade.
Developments in production methods of the famous III-V group of Semiconductor elements (IUPAC 13-15), was able to arrange them in unique ways to generate this amazing technology, all thanks to their distinctive alloy properties.
Groups III-V of the periodic table are known for their special characteristics that, when combined, produce a wide range of energy bandgaps that can be used in multitude of different electronics devices.
The most commonly known combination is Indium Gallium Arsenic or InGaAs …Fart noise… which is widely used in solar panels. In this new research they explored other elements of the group with a variety of combinations which ultimately increased solar panels conversion efficiency to a whopping 39.2% efficiency at one-Sun.

Sources
https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/physics/current/postgraduate/regs/mpagswarwick/ex5/intro/iii-v-compoundsemiconductors/
https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=97&t=3

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LG White on Black Mono 370W 60 Cell
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/fun-facts-the-international-space-stations-new-solar-panels/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metalorganic_vapour-phase_epitaxy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shockley–Queisser_limit
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multi-junction_solar_cell
https://www.statista.com/statistics/456925/median-size-of-single-family-home-usa/
https://www.energy.gov/eere/solar/multijunction-iii-v-photovoltaics-research

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50 Comments

  1. Anttu Murikka on June 14, 2020 at 11:55 am

    double layer systems are 10 % for many different panels, so 50% is possible right now

  2. K on June 14, 2020 at 11:55 am

    Another amazing video ! So clean I watch even if the subject doesn’t interest me.
    04:03 Did you model the ISS ?

  3. Kirk Masters on June 14, 2020 at 11:56 am

    Normal solar panels work much better in the cold, even with much less light. Our 305 W panels have hit 385 W output in Jan when it was -25 C with a wind. That translates to mid 30’s %. In space it is near absolute zero on the back side so I would expect higher output and the big one, no clouds to weaken the sunlight. Higher efficiency panels at a reasonable cost would be fantastic for things like boats with limited areas to mount the panels.

  4. Cerise Author on June 14, 2020 at 11:57 am

    I was at the conference where NREL announced the six junction structure. Funding for high efficiency solar cell research seems to be drying up in favor of materials showing a rapid increase in efficiency such as perovskites.

  5. William Finger on June 14, 2020 at 11:57 am

    Subtitles please 🙁

  6. todd mcrae on June 14, 2020 at 12:00 pm

    When will they hit the market?

  7. Nima Bahrami on June 14, 2020 at 12:01 pm

    add subtitle to your next videos

  8. page on June 14, 2020 at 12:01 pm

    Solar Energy is a joke and ripoff

  9. Mitsukenaide Boku no koto wo on June 14, 2020 at 12:02 pm

    In near future it can reach 100 percent efficiency

  10. Volta P. on June 14, 2020 at 12:02 pm

    Yes indeed. Well said.

  11. Dominic Eusemann on June 14, 2020 at 12:03 pm

    Why r we so bad at converting energy? I feel like the universe is mocking us… Giving us all this amazing physics and energy whatever, but no way to properly use it because we cant convert it properly… I feel trolled by the universe

  12. Amachetay Cybo on June 14, 2020 at 12:05 pm

    Other things exist besides solar wind and turbines… You can move boats without turbines also but this technology has been suppressed very heavily on your planet unless you’re and one of the groups that shares it with its members openly…

  13. Benedykt Kocierz on June 14, 2020 at 12:08 pm

    10 Years and it will come to the common people

  14. Alvydas Jokubauskas on June 14, 2020 at 12:08 pm

    Soon radioactive waste will be sent to space or even to sun to be disposed of it, as there is no space for this waste on planet Earth… Solar panels are only good if there is a light source, if there isn’t it’s total waste to have solar panels. There are places on Earth with polar nights and polar days, its good to have solar panel on polar days, but it’s useless to have it on polar nights… Basically solar panels have to have battery and a different power source, like wind or other, to compensate and alternate. Or you need tons of space, and tons of battery alone to survive the winter on solar only…

  15. MATT S on June 14, 2020 at 12:09 pm

    I wish i had access to all the hardware i needed, i would solve this problem in under a year….

  16. hzuiel on June 14, 2020 at 12:09 pm

    All I care about is how long before this comes to market.

  17. mofosoto on June 14, 2020 at 12:12 pm

    cost of solar panels on ISS = people taking advantage of government and government letting people take advantage of them and government officials lining their pockets…..smh

  18. Joe Smith on June 14, 2020 at 12:14 pm

    Great, all we need is more arsenic mine tailings !! Green technology is laughable.

  19. w23857980 on June 14, 2020 at 12:15 pm

    Plant is more efficient.

  20. Pyrrhus Victorian on June 14, 2020 at 12:15 pm

    Could you use a “mirror sandwich” to increase the number of times the light is filtered?

  21. GoelWCS on June 14, 2020 at 12:17 pm

    cells wearing has also to be takent into account…

  22. GoelWCS on June 14, 2020 at 12:18 pm

    Why not using simply a worm gear ???? (PS : very interested by th rotating shaft solution…)

  23. MWESIGYE David on June 14, 2020 at 12:20 pm

    i just came here for a cheap efficient panel for my dog house, and a brother here said 300ml dollars🤯

  24. Omar Ignacio Silvestrini on June 14, 2020 at 12:21 pm

    *GaInAs*
    *J Lo has entered the chat* 0_0

  25. Giorgio Cooper on June 14, 2020 at 12:26 pm

    When buy a bizarre accident the sun shines ……. and of course especially during the night and when the solar panels have exactly the correct angle in regards to the sun ! 😂😂😂😂😂😂

  26. Chengmaster on June 14, 2020 at 12:26 pm

    Fact Checking in ur first 20ish seconds. 22% is just the high end of industry standard solar cells. It’s not the record. The multi-junction solar cell record with concentrator was set in 2015 at around 44% and non-concentrator record was set in 2013 around 39%. But this is good news overall: solar cells of different designs have set new records in recent years. Please I love science and I know it may be confusing for those viewers who didn’t study solar tech science, but since your video is very scientific, please be more technical or specific in how you phrase things. Your video title says 39.7% but in the video you say "a whopping 39.2%". Science articles NREL online says the newest record set by the 6 junction solar cell is 47.1%

  27. donotlike 4 anonymus on June 14, 2020 at 12:27 pm

    Do you have any idea how much people like me(i believe most of your regular viewers…) couldn’t care less. we want nuclear!
    Nuclear… nuclear… nuclear is the only sustainable way to go..
    (Unless we could figure out fission in only 35 years.. tops…)

    I know people fear the idea of nuclear energy and the idea sending highly radioactive rockets which often tend to explode…. but there’s no reason not to mine and refine and.. outside our atmosphere…

    Nuclear!…

    Enough… i’m getting sick of all of this renewables bullshit.. it’ll never be as effective as nuclear energy.. as simple as that…
    Nuclear safety has come a long way with safe self shutting down reactors……

  28. Cosmic Dissonance on June 14, 2020 at 12:27 pm

    You should do a video on the bloom energy scam.

  29. Nikola Nevenov on June 14, 2020 at 12:30 pm

    Blender!

  30. Alpha Omegia on June 14, 2020 at 12:31 pm

    Why is it taking so long to get the numbers up? As long as its been out we should be at least to the break even number. Whats stopping it? hampering it? slowing it down ?

  31. kristijan todoroski on June 14, 2020 at 12:31 pm

    Don’t know about that "fart noise" in the description…looks fishy to me…

  32. milad Gaming on June 14, 2020 at 12:31 pm

    Dose elon musk use this

  33. winkipinky on June 14, 2020 at 12:32 pm

    Terrible title.. (efficiency in WHAT?) Your video title makes no sense when it just appear on a feed..

  34. Bas X on June 14, 2020 at 12:33 pm

    Tons of rare earth minerals needed and only 25years of usage. Don’t start about sustainability or CO2 reduction even.

  35. J on June 14, 2020 at 12:33 pm

    If we have the tech to colonize Mars… we have the tech to fix Earth, so we don’t have to move. What we need is the tech TO LIVE IN SPACE, AWAY FROM DANGEROUS STARS! AI will be the key.

  36. Wretch Gunk on June 14, 2020 at 12:35 pm

    there is no way to maintain the first world way of life, even forgetting about climate change, there isnt enough physical resources, its impossible, if you are not aware of this, its because you are an escapist living in denial

  37. GAM GARA on June 14, 2020 at 12:37 pm

    I would disagree! Cost per watt is important. Yet, there might come "space occupation cost" soon, or "opportunity cost of space". This is why we have regulatory entities.

  38. Aminlv on June 14, 2020 at 12:38 pm

    impressive but when it hits the market, price is important too

  39. Photelegy on June 14, 2020 at 12:44 pm

    4:59
    Please use the normal "m²" and not "SQM" in your future videos. Thank you ✌🏻

  40. SomsoKca on June 14, 2020 at 12:44 pm

    Arsenic… sound like when Pb was add in gasoline.

  41. David Riggs on June 14, 2020 at 12:45 pm

    Wait, I thought Michael Moore puts the efficiency number at 8%.smh Yeah that movie was bad.🤦

  42. M N on June 14, 2020 at 12:46 pm

    Tim & Eric Awesome Show did all the generate better.

  43. Ed Sinofsky on June 14, 2020 at 12:46 pm

    excellent

  44. Anubhav on June 14, 2020 at 12:47 pm

    "Ps, even i dont know what i am talking about sometimes"🤪🤪

  45. Neuro Fiber on June 14, 2020 at 12:47 pm

    Muddy audio…

  46. El Bicho on June 14, 2020 at 12:48 pm

    GaIn Ass

  47. Amachetay Cybo on June 14, 2020 at 12:48 pm

    There’s over a hundred percent efficiency I don’t care how many trolls are liars going to tell me that’s not real but it is…

  48. Dragonax on June 14, 2020 at 12:52 pm

    It achieved efficiency of coal power plant. I can’t wait untill it will be even more efficient

  49. eDrive on June 14, 2020 at 12:52 pm

    That efficiency will always increase more and more, wherein the price will decrease. The gasoline price will rise and rise.

  50. Florin Mihail on June 14, 2020 at 12:53 pm

    Honestly you are amazing. Thanks for your time and all your information that you bring to all of us.👏👏👏

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